|Water Supply: Water Supply, Wastewater, Irrigation - Initial Environmental Assessment Series No. 7 (NORAD, 1994)|
|Part II: Documentation requirements for initial environmental assessment|
The aspects included in the following checklist must be commented on. In case the problem is irrelevant, this must be substantiated. If the listed impacts can be expected to appear, their extent and degree should be estimated. Compare with Part I of this booklet if some questions should be unclear. One should be aware that questionaire checklists like these are not always 100% adequate with regard to all environmental questions which can be relevant to ask. It may therefore be useful to compare the use of the checklist to the use of other analytic tools for project assessment, e.g. logical framework analysis, gender analysis, assessments of socio-cultural and socio-economic conditions, as well as assessment of choice of technology and existing institutional conditions. This may also prove to be necessary to secure an integrated approach to the assessment of the project.
It is necessary to specify which groups of the population will be affected by the different types of direct or indirect environmental impacts. A rough division can be as follows:
· The project's target group. This is the group of the population which one expects will benefit directly from the project. This group may, however, also be subject to certain negative environmental impacts.
· The remaining local population. This group will not benefit from the project in any primary way, although both positive and negative consequences may be experienced.
· Resettled population groups. These are groups who either settle in the area or move away from it as a result of the project or the development initiated by it.
Within these three groups it may also be relevant to specify if the environmental impacts from the project can be related to specific parts of the population, such as low-income groups, indigenous groups etc., combined with a further specification of gender and age within these groups.