Cover Image
close this bookIndustrial Metabolism: Restructuring for Sustainable Development (UNU, 1994, 376 pages)
View the documentNote to the reader from the UNU
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderPart 1: General implications
close this folder1. Industrial metabolism: Theory and policy
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWhat is industrial metabolism?
View the documentThe materials cycle
View the documentMeasures of industrial metabolism
View the documentPolicy implications of the industrial metabolism perspective
View the documentReferences
close this folder2. Ecosystem and the biosphere: Metaphors for human-induced material flows
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe ecosystem analogue
View the documentThe environmental spheres analogue: Atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere
View the documentSummary and conclusions
View the documentReferences
close this folder3. Industrial restructuring in industrial countries
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentIdentifying indicators of environmentally relevant structural change
View the documentStructural change as environmental relief
View the documentEnvironmentally relevant structural change: Empirical analysis
View the documentTypology of environmentally relevant structural change
View the documentSpecific conclusions
View the documentGeneral conclusions
close this folder4. Industrial restructuring in developing countries: The case of India
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIndustrial metabolism and sustainable development
View the documentIndustry and sustainable development
View the documentResource utilization
View the documentEnergy efficiency: An overview
View the documentEnergy use in Indian industry: A case-study
View the documentConclusions
View the documentReferences
close this folder5. Evolution, sustainability, and industrial metabolism
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentTechnical progress and reductionism
View the documentThe mechanical paradigm
View the documentThe evolution of ecological structure
View the documentDiscussion
close this folderPart 2: Case-studies
close this folder6. Industrial metabolism at the national level: A case-study on chromium and lead pollution in Sweden, 1880-1980
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe use of chromium and lead in Sweden
View the documentCalculation of emissions
View the documentThe development of emissions over time
View the documentThe emerging immission landscape
View the documentConclusions
View the documentReferences
close this folder7. Industrial metabolism at the regional level: The Rhine Basin
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentGeographic features of the Rhine basin
View the documentMethodology
View the documentThe example of cadmium
View the documentConclusions
View the documentReferences
close this folder8. Industrial metabolism at the regional and local level: A case-study on a Swiss region
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentMethodology
View the documentResults
View the documentConclusions
View the documentReferences
close this folder9. A historical reconstruction of carbon monoxide and methane emissions in the United States, 1880-1980
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentCarbon monoxide (CO)
View the documentMethane (CH4)
View the documentReferences
close this folder10. Sulphur and nitrogen emission trends for the United States: An application of the materials flow approach
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentSulphur emissions
View the documentNitrogen oxides emissions
View the documentConclusion
View the documentReferences
close this folder11. Consumptive uses and losses of toxic heavy metals in the United States, 1880-1980
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentProduction-related heavy metal emissions
View the documentEmissions coefficients for production
View the documentConsumption-related heavy metal emissions
View the documentEmissions coefficient for consumption
View the documentHistorical usage patterns
View the documentConclusions
View the documentReferences
View the documentAppendix
close this folderPart 3: Further implications
close this folder12. The precaution principle in environmental management
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentPrecaution and "industrial metabolism"
View the documentPrecaution: A case-study
View the documentHistory of the precaution principle
View the documentThe precaution principle in international agreements
View the documentPrecaution on the European stage
View the documentPrecaution as a science-politics game
View the documentPrecaution on the global stage
View the documentReferences
close this folder13. Transfer of clean(er) technologies to developing countries
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentSustainable development
View the documentEnvironmentally sound technology, clean(er) technology
View the documentIndustrial metabolism
View the documentKnowledge and technology transfer
View the documentEndogenous capacity
View the documentCrucial elements of endogenous capacity-building
View the documentInternational cooperation for clean(er) technologies
View the documentConclusions
View the documentTwo case-studies
View the documentReferences
View the documentBibliography
close this folder14. A plethora of paradigms: Outlining an information system on physical exchanges between the economy and nature
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentDistinguishing between "harmful" and "harmless" characteristics of socio-economic metabolism with its natural environment
View the documentOutline of an information system for the metabolism of the socio-economic system with its natural environment
View the documentAn empirical example for ESIs: Material balances and intensities for the Austrian economy
View the documentPurposive interventions into life processes (PILs)
View the documentConclusions
View the documentReferences
View the documentBibliography
View the documentContributors


Rüdiger Olbrich and Udo E. Simonis

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