1982 Scientific Publication No 419
PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION
Pan American Sanitary
Bureau, Regional Office of the
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
Street, N W.
Washington, D C 20037, U S. A
Published also in Spanish (1982) as:
Control de vectores con posterioridad a los desastres
The publication of this manual, in English and Spanish, has been
made possible by financial support of the Canadian International Development
Agency (CIDA) and the U.S. Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance of the U.S.
Agency for International Development (AID/OFDA).
ISBN 92 75 11419 6
© Pan American Health Organization
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PAHO publications, in part or in toto, application should be made to the Office
of Publications, Pan American Health Organization, Washington, D.C. The Pan
American Health Organization welcomes such applications.
The designations employed and the presentation of the material in
this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the
part of the Secretariat of the Pan American Health Organization concerning the
legal status of any country, territory, city, or area of its authorities, or
concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers'
products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the Pan
American Health Organization in preference to others of a similar nature that
are not mentioned.
HEALTH FOR ALL BY THE YEAR 2000
In 1977, the World Health Assembly decided that the main social
target the governments and of WHO should be the attainment by all people of the
world by the year 2000 of a level of health that would permit them to lead a
socially and economically productive life, that is, the goal popularly known as
"health for all by the year 2000. "
In 1978 the International Conference on Primary Health Care
(Alma-Ata, USSR) declared that, as a central function of the national health
system and an integral part of economic and social development, primary health
care was the key to achieving that goal. Subsequently, the governments committed
themselves-at the global level at the World Health Assembly, and at the regional
level at meetings of the PAHO Governing Bodies-to implement the resolutions
adopted fur attaining health for all In the Americas the high point of these
mandates was reached on 28 September 1981 when the Directing Council of PAHO
approved the Plan of Action for implementing the regional strategies for health
for all by the year 2000. These strategies had been approved by the Directing
Council in 1980 (Resolution XX) and today constitute the basis of PAHO's policy
and programming, and represent in addition the contribution of the Region of the
Americas to the global strategies of WHO.
The Plan of Action approved by the Directing Council contains
the minimum goals and regional objectives, as well as the actions governments of
the Americas and the Organization must take in order to attain health for all.
The Plan, continental in nature, is essentially dynamic and is addressed not
only to current problems but also to those likely to arise from the application
of the strategies and the fulfillment of regional goals and objectives. It also
defines priority areas that will serve as a basis, in developing the program and
the necessary infrastructure, /or national and international action.
The exchange and dissemination of information constitutes one
of the priority areas of the Plan of Action. PAHO's publication
program-including periodicals, scientific publications, and official
documents-is designed as a means of promoting the ideas contained in the Plan by
disseminating data on policies, strategies, international cooperation programs,
and progress achieved in collaboration with countries of the Americas in the
process of attaining health for all by the year